Heat pumps work by collecting heat from outside, condensing it, and moving it inside. This creates a significant amount of heat inside of the home while using very little electricity. If you want cool air, the heat pump simply moves the hot air from inside of the house and pushes it outside. This cools the house down. Once again, it does all of this well using a lot less electricity than an air conditioning system would.
There are three kinds of heat pumps. There is the air-to-air heat pump, the water source heat pump, and the geothermal heat pump. Each one of them works differently but they also work the similar too.
The air-to-air heat pump takes heat from the air and moves it in or out of your house, depending on your settings. This is the most common sort of heat pump. It takes the heat from the air and moves it into your house. It’s that simple. This type of heat pump works best for people who live in truly moderate climates.
The water source heat pump work similarly to the way that a boiler works. There are pipes that run under the floorboards and then they run outside where it collects the heat and condenses it. Water source heat pumps can even be connected to the water heater in your home. Even when it’s below freezing outside, water source heat pumps can make the water in the pipe so hot that they boil. This is the type of heat pump I would recommend for people living in frigid climate.
Then there is geothermal heat pumps. Ground temperatures remain the same year-round. It doesn’t matter where you live, several feet under the ground, it is always about 60°. Geothermal heat pumps use this constant temperature to collect heat or cold temperatures to heat or cool your home. This type of heat pump would work well for people who live in warmer climates but also it would work well for people who live in cooler climates too.